The “apocalyptic basement” in the North Pole is an “unshakable” storehouse for the world’s seeds. This is a work to protect seeds from natural disasters and ensure food for humankind.
But the building, which is buried under a mountain deep in the Arctic Circle, has encountered problems when global warming caused the temperature last year to rise abnormally during the winter, melting water and causing previous flooding. tunnel door.
When it was first opened in 2008, the permafrost covering the Apocalypse was expected to protect “firmly” against “the challenges of nature or man-made disasters.”
Ironically, however, the great threat of our time – climate change – does not seem to have been taken into account in the construction of this tunnel.
Instead of light snowfall in the winter, rising Arctic temperatures late last year caused thaw and heavy rain. “In the plan, we do not consider the loss of the permafrost and the weather will be so extreme,” said Hege Njaa Aschim of the Norwegian government (the country that owns the Apocalypse).
“A lot of water has flooded the end of the tunnel and then froze, so this place looks like a glacier when you come in,” she told the Guardian. Fortunately, the water did not reach the storage cellar, and the ice was pruned away, the precious seeds remained safe at the required storage temperature of -18 degrees Celsius.
But the problem this time is whether or not the bunker can stand up to the disaster. “It was designed to be able to [function] without people, but now we have to monitor it 24 hours a day,” Ms. Aschim said.
Now they need to observe whether the last winter’s temperatures were “one time only” or will repeat many times, or even higher. By the end of 2016, the average temperature on Spitsbergen Island (northern Norway) was 7 degrees higher than normal, causing the permafrost to melt.
“The Arctic and especially the Svalbard Islands (Norway) are heating up faster than the rest of the world. The climate is changing fast and we are all amazed at this speed, ”said Ketil Isaksen of the Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
Managers of the “Apocalypse Tunnel” are currently taking precautions, including waterproofing the 100m tunnel deep into the mountain, and digging trenches on the ridge to drain water away. They also dismantle electrical appliances that generate heat in the tunnel, and install water pumps in storage to prevent water from getting in.
“This vault is designed to last forever,” said Åsmund Asdal of the Nordic Genetic Center, which is responsible for the operation of the “apocalypse.”
Ruins of Tiwanaku, Bolivia: 11 ancient stone columns that make up the solar calendar extremely accurately
Located at an altitude of nearly 3,900 meters above sea level, the ancient city of Tiwanaku and the Puma Punku megalithic site just a few hundred meters away are two of Bolivia’s most mysterious archaeological sites in the world.
These two works not only shocked the world of extremely high stone manufacturing techniques, but also revealed a prehistoric civilization that had disappeared.
Part 1: Is the Puma Punku Rock relic ‘cut’ with advanced technology?
In part 2, we will explore the astronomical knowledge hidden in the ancient city of Tiwanaku and the method of calculating the age of this site.
Astronomical knowledge hidden in the work at Tiwanaku
To this day, many mainstream archaeologists still claim that Tiwanaku is a complex of works for religious ceremonies. However, writer Arthur Posnansky (1873–1946) and Atlantic researcher Jim Allen discovered that Tiwanaku was originally built for astronomical observations to accurately calculate dates and seasons. in year.
Specifically, Arthur Posnansky and Jim Allen identified the 11 stone pillars located on the western wall of the Kalasasaya temple is an ancient stone calendar system. If you stand 52.5m from the central stone and look towards this wall to observe, you will determine the days and months of the year based on the position of the Sun’s correlation with the stone pillars.
Jim Allen discovered that the astronomical calendar system performed in Kalasasaya is a 10-month calendar system consisting of 36.52 days or 20 half months each month, 18.26 days each half-month, one year. have 365.24 days. The position of the Sun stands at the middle stone column corresponding to the spring equinox (corresponding to March 20, the modern calendar of the current 12 months) or the manure collection (corresponding to September 22, the modern calendar of the current 12 months) Sun position stands at the leftmost and rightmost stone pillar corresponding to the summer solstice (June 21) and the winter solstice (December 21).
The position of the Sun correlates with the stone columns when viewed from the Sun’s gate representing the days of the year according to the 10-month calendar.
The findings show that the ancient stone calendar system at Kalasasaya performed exactly 365.24 days in a year indeed gives us a great surprise. This proves that the people who build the complex of Tiwanaku works not only have very high construction techniques but also have extremely accurate astronomical knowledge.
Location of the Sun on 11 stone columns in the rock calendar wall. Each stone pillar marks the position of the Sun as it travels 1/20 of Earth’s orbit and the current lunar month (12 months) corresponds to the distance of the Sun moving 1.5 stone columns (3 / 40 orbitals of the Earth).
When was Tiwanaku built?
Currently, based on the analysis of carbon radioisotopes, many people still believe that the Tiwanaku Empire was the people who built the city of Tiwanaku in the years from 200 to 1000 AD.
It should be noted, however, that archaeologists have identified Tiwanaku as a civilized civilization, and dating with carbon radioisotopes only identifies objects made during the year. The age of the Tiwanaku Empire cannot determine the exact time of the construction of the stone structures in Tiwanaku. A civilization without writing, without knowing the existence of the wheel, can build great, mysterious, high-level works and astronomical knowledge exactly like in Tiwanaku city. It was too strange.
To determine the age of ancient buildings, astronomers and archaeologists also use the method of astronomical mapping. That is, people determine the deviations of ancient and past buildings on the celestial surface compared to known landmarks, determine their travel distance, and deduce their age. relative of the past construction work to the present. This method was invented by Norman Lockyer, chairman of the London Sun Observatory in 1909. This method was later used to determine the age of ancient buildings in Egypt, Asia. , Europe and England.
In 1930, writer, researcher Arthur Posnansky (1873–1946) and colleagues Dr. Rolf Müller and Arnold Kohlschütter used this method to assess the age of the Kalasasaya temple. Arthur determined that the 11 stone pillar wall when built must be within one meridian, and the distance between the two outer stone columns must be suitable for the Sun at the two points of winter solstice and summer solstice to appear. in the middle of the stone pillar.
deviation of the Sun’s position at the stone poles at the time of measurement (1930) compared to the position of the Sun at the stone poles at the beginning of the construction of the Kalasasaya temple (landmark location),
the value of the ecliptic inclination (compared to the equatorial plane of the Earth) at the time of measurement in 1930 was 23 ° 27 ′
The formula for determining the ecliptic inclination was given at the International Astronomical Conference in Paris in 1911,
Arthur Posnansky and his colleagues determined the inclination of the ecliptic plane (compared to the equatorial plane of the Earth) when constructing Kalasasaya.
Arthur Posnansky and colleagues determined that the construction of Kalasasaya in Tiwanaku took place in three phases, the first stage being when the Earth had an ecliptic plane inclination of 23 ° 8 ′ 48 ″, corresponding to the time. time 15,450 BC. That is, up to now, the oldest part of Kalasasaya has a life span of more than 17,000 years. Below is a graph showing the deviation of the Earth’s axis along with past time used by Arthur Posnansky and his colleagues to determine the age of Tiwanaku.
Arthur Posnansky’s discovery of Tiwanaku’s life also caused a lot of controversy in the scientific world, but he is not the only case that Tiwanaku has a life span of over 10,000 years. In a book called “The Tiahuanaco Calendar: Discover the time measurement system of the oldest civilization in the world,” Professor Hans Schindler-Bellamy believes that Tiwanaku was built 12,000 years before the present era. .
Although the large rocks cannot apply the method of isotopes of carbon, archaeologists find many rocks in the site at Tiwanaku with a depth of 2m below the ground. They calculated that, if Tiwanaku was only built and left around the 12th century AD, the flow of water and the accretion of wind from surrounding areas could not be enough to bury these sites at So deep in this arid region.